Excerpt from The New York Times June 23, 1997 printed from microfiche at the Pawtucket RI library page B4 (first column) says:
Although scratching was his primary behavioral problem, he was eventually shocked for 72 actions. These included things B.R.I. felt were part of a “chain” of self-abuse: hiding parts of his body so he could scratch undetected, crossing his legs. But he was also shocked for things more on the order of cantankerous behavior: non-compliance of any sort, yelling, cursing.
He has also been incontinent. At night, an aid woke him every two hours to usher him to the bathroom. If he soiled his bed he would be shocked as he slept. He would be shocked for “tensing up” while asleep. The interrupted nights left him drowsy, but if he dozed during the day, he would be shocked.
The Judge Rotenberg Center (JRC) used to be named The Behavior Research Institute (BRI). This article was back when the original director Matthew Israel was running it.
What does the new director Glenda Crooks say about shocking students for non aggressive behavior? Excerpt from my JRC report:
On our trip to JRC I mentioned to Glenda that on Jennifer’s behavior sheet that she would be shocked for getting out of bed without permission. Glenda did not deny it or even say that they have stopped the practice, instead she justified this by saying that shocks are sometimes used on behaviors that are a “precursor” to abusive behavior.
Glenda Crooks seems to me at least less cruel then her predecessor Mathew Isreal because she stopped some very cruel practices that went on there. (See my JRC report under “Some questions I put together”.)